Principles of Scientific Management is given by Fredrick Winslow Taylor who is also known as the father of scientific management. He gave some theories based on the scientific method, which can be implemented in management. These rules are basically effective at the operation level.
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5 Principles of Scientific Management
Science, not the Rule of Thumb
This is the first Principles of Scientific Management which lays focus on increasing the efficiency of the organization through the scientific method, not by the Rule of Thumb. Taylor believed that every work can be planned scientifically. He told that even small acts can be done through the scientific method. This will save time and done through fewer people.
All decisions in an organization should be taken after analysis through the scientific method. Decisions taken by managers himself in a haphazard way are not fruitful for the organization. If the decisions taken by trial and error method lead to a wastage of time. So the best way to perform a job is by applying scientific methods. Layman uses the Rule of Thumb which is unscientific.
The work assigned to employees should be given the privilege to study and analyze the methods based on scientific analysis and let him decide the best way to complete that task. This will lead to more output.
Harmony, Not Discord
The second Principles of Scientific Management is that there should be harmony and a good relationship between workers and management. The management should not behave like a dictator which results in an unnecessary conflict which is not good for the organization. The work progress is hindered and ultimately there is less output.
Management and workers have important roles in the organization and so both should realize the importance of each other. Every worker is important for the organization as every worker is assigned different work. The attitude of management should change and don’t take workers for granted. Management believes that whatever work is assigned, it should be completed without listening to anything from that worker, which may be related to work also.
These attitudes are not good for the working environment. The prosperity of the organization cannot exist for a long time if their workers are not prosperous. It is vice versa. The organization should distribute the profit earned through bonuses and increments.
If management thinks for their staff then workers also cooperate and work hard for achieving the goal. Mutual trust is very important and then understanding is possible between workers and management.Then a harmonious environment is created and then workers focus on their work.
The management makes the workers feel that they are important and part of the family. This shows that management is concerned about their workers and their mood is uplifted. There should be a scope of discussion between workers and management at all levels. These will lead to harmony and workers will not go on strike or suspend work.
This is the third Principles of Scientific Management. It tells us that this technique is about the change in the attitude of workers and management. You have to change the thought process. Think positively about each other. If both of them give regard and cooperate with each other then it will help the organization in achieving goals.
The bent of mind should be towards the organization’s goal. The mental revolution is about the change of attitude.There should be feeling of togetherness.If the management neglects the grievances of workers and thinks that they are saving the organisation money rather doing bad for the organisation.The workers are working half halfheartedly and so output is less.
Management should not be narrow-minded rather should develop a broad outlook. This spirit will lead to a positive atmosphere and workers will have mental peace, which is necessary for the organization. The mental revolution will lead to maximum participation in the work.
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Cooperation, not Individualism
This is the fourth Principles of Management.It lays stress of cooperation of workers and management.There should be trust and goodwill among management and workers.There should not be talk of any one individual rather it should be a group,having unity and cooperation among them.
Workers should be given the opportunity to give their opinion and play important role in decision making. They should be considered part of management and allowed to take part in the decision-making process. Management should listen to their suggestion and implement it if it is in the interest of the organization.
Workers should also follow the policy made after their consensus.Decision should be taken after the consultation with workers. Management should guide and motivate the workers.
Development of every person to his greatest efficiency
This is the fifth Principle of Scientific Management. It advocates that the skills and capabilities of workers lead to the success of the organization. The qualification, knowledge, training, of the workers, help in working with a scientific approach. The selection of the right employees in the recruitment process is important. A skilled worker is an asset to an organization.
Every worker should give their maximum effort and will help the organisation.The increased efficiency of workers lead to success of the organisation.Workers should develop skills and update their knowledge, which will lead to their efficiency.