When you want to study about the Internet, you have to know about the History of Internet. But before that, we will understand what is the internet? The term internet has been coined from two terms, i.e, Interconnection and network. A network is simply a group of computers that are connected to sharing information and resources. Several such networks have been joined together to form what is called the Internet.
The Internet is thus a network of networks. It refers to vast collection of interconnected networks that use the TCP/IP protocols and that evolved from the ARPANET.The Internet is the world’s largest computer network that enables computers of all kinds kinds to share services and commercials.
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The Federation National Council (FNC) in 1995 referred the Internet as Global Information System that (i) is logically linked together by a globally unique address space based on the Internet Protocol or its subsequent extensions; (ii) is able to support communications using Transmission Control / Internet Protocol suite or its subsequent extensions and (iii) provides, uses or makes accessible, either publicly or privately, high level services layered on the communication and related infrastructure.
History of the Internet
The history of the Internet can be traced back to 1957 when Soviet Union launched its first satellite, Sputnik I, prompting then United States President Dwight Eisenhower to launch Defence Advanced Research Projects agency (DARPA) which took lead in the technological race. DARPA’s mission was to advance science and technology for military applications.
The DARPA developed its first successful satellite in 18 months. By the end of 1960, it began to focus on computer networking and communication technology required to establish communication links between resaerch centres and universities established across the country as part of its overall mission.
ARPANET was commissioned in 1969 and by 1971 it had 15 nodes (connecting point) and connecting point 23 hosts (two-way access to other computers has localhost number on IP Address)
The Email was invented in 1972 by Ray Tomlinson to send messages across a distributed network.In 1973, the first international connection to the evolving internet was established at the University College of London and the Royal radar Establishment (Norway).
In the same year, DARPA implemented a research program to investigate techniques and technologies for interlinking packet networks of various kinds based on the packet- switching to communicate across multiple, geographically dispersed locations.
The packet switching would split the data to be transmitted into tiny packets that can take different routes to their destination. The interception of data traveling on the net in packets would be difficult during the war. This internetting project and the system of networks developed from the research were known as the Internet.
The system of protocols which was developed over the course of this reseach known as TCP/IP Protocol Suite, after two protocols developed , Transmission Control Protocol(TCP) and Internet Protocol(IP).
History of Internet Timeline
1969: On Oct. 29, The University of California, Los Angeles, UCLA’s Network Measurement Center, Stanford Research Institute (SRI), University of California-Santa Barbara, and University of Utah install nodes. The first message was “LO,” the first initiative by student Charles Kline to “Log in” to the SRI computer from the university. However, the message was not able to receive because the SRI system crashed.
1972: BBN’s Ray Tomlinson, who was responsible for introducing network email. The Internet Working Group (INWG) forms to address the requirement for establishing standard protocols.
1973: The University College of London (England) and Royal Radar Establishment (Norway) connect to ARPANET. The term Internet is born, after this achievement.
1974: The Telenet became first Internet Service Provider (ISP) with the introduction of a commercial version of ARPANET.
1974: Vinton Cerf and Bob Kahn publish “A Protocol for Packet Network Interconnection,” which covers the design of TCP.
1976: Queen Elizabeth II presses the “send button” on her first email.
1979: USENET becomes forum for host news and discussion groups.
1981: The National Science Foundation (NSF) established the Computer Science Network (CSNET) to provide networking services to university computer scientists.
1982: The protocol suite, commonly known as TCP/IP, emerge as the protocol for ARPANET were Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and Internet Protocol (IP),
1983: The Domain Name System (DNS) provides the familiar .edu, .gov, .com, .mil, .org, .net, and .int system for naming websites.
1985: Symbolics.com, the website for Symbolics Computer Corp. in Massachusetts, USA becomes the first to be a registered domain.
1989: The first commercial provider of dial-up access to the Internet was World.std.com.
1990: HyperText Markup Language (HTML) was developed by Tim Berners-Lee, a scientist at CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research.
1991: World Wide Web was introduced by CERN to the public.
1993: Mosaic Web browser was developed by Marc Andreesen at the University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana.
1994: Microsoft creates a Web browser for Windows 95 named Netscape Communications.
1994: Jerry Yang and David Filo, two electrical engineering graduate students at Stanford University. creates Yahoo.
1995: Amazon.com, Craigslist and eBay go live.Compuserve, America Online and Prodigy begin to provide Internet access.
1995: The first online dating site launched as Match.com.
1998: The Google search engine was born to create a revolution.It changed the way users engage with the Internet.
1999: AOL buys Netscape. Peer-to-peer file sharing becomes a reality as Napster arrives on the Internet, much to the displeasure of the music industry.
2003: The debut of Myspace, Skype and the Safari Web browser.
2003: The launching of WordPress blog publishing platform.
2004: Mozilla unveils the Mozilla Firefox browser.Facebook goes online and the new era of social networking begins.
2005: The social news site Reddit is also founded. YouTube.com launches.
2006: Twitter is launched
2010: Pinterest and Instagram; the social media sites are launched.
2016: A voice-activated personal assistant program, named Google Assistant is unveiled.
How to connect to the Internet
- You need a computer
- A modem and telephone line
- An Internet browser (software) and software to connect you to the ISP
- An account with an Internet Service Provider (ISP)
Basically this article is focused to the History of the Internet and so lots of things related to internet is omitted.Internet is a boon to all, especially academic and business class.They are utilizing the Internet to acheice from this.But users does not know the history of the Internet , that compelled me to put it here.
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